What is CBG?
Cannabigerol, or CBG, is one of the most important cannabinoids found in cannabis. This is because CBG is the building blocks for which THC, CBD, and other cannabinoids to be formed. Cannabigerol acid (CBGA) is the foundation for which cannabidiolic acid (CBDA), tetrahydrocannabinolic acid (THCA), and cannabichromenic acid (CBCA). CBGA turns into these three cannabinoids mentioned as the plant matures. When decarboxylation (heat) happens to CBDA, THCA, and CBCA, they lose a carbon group and become CBD, THC, and CBC. The amount of CBG in cannabis is usually very low for these reasons.
CBG binds to CB1 receptors in the endocannabinoid system, which counter act some of the negative effects of THC like paranoia and anxiety. CBG works to relax muscles, and decrease pain. CBG also have antidepressant and anti-fungal properties. On study in 2015 found CBG can act as a neuroprotectant for disease like Huntington’s. CBG can benefit ailments like glaucoma, and bladder dysfunctions.
Reading lab reports on cannabis products will shed light on the amount of CBG is in the product. Although, not as readily available as other cannabinoids, CBG is in highest concentrations in flowering plants at 6 to 8 weeks. CBG is known as the "mother cannabinoid" for good reason: there wouldn’t be CBD or THC without CBG.